FORT WORTH, Texas–(BUSINESS WIRE)–#approachresources–Approach Resources Inc. (NASDAQ: AREX) today reported financial and operational results for the fourth quarter and full-year 2017 and estimated year-end 2017 proved reserves.
Fourth Quarter 2017 Highlights
- Fourth quarter production of 1,064 MBoe or 11.6 MBoe/d
- Closed bolt-on acquisition increasing our contiguous acreage position by approximately 39,000 net acres and proved developed reserves of 1.6 MMBoe
- Extended term on revolving credit facility to May 7, 2020, and reaffirmed $325 million borrowing base
- Net income was $45.8 million, or $0.51 per diluted share. Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was $6.1 million, or $0.07 per diluted share
- EBITDAX (non-GAAP) of $13.9 million
- Revenues of $28.4 million, an 11% increase over the prior quarter
- Unhedged cash margin (non-GAAP) of $15.76 per Boe, a 17% increase over the prior quarter
Full-Year 2017 Highlights
- Full year production of 4,232 MBoe or 11.6 MBoe/d, above the midpoint of annual guidance
- Year-end 2017 proved reserves 181.5 MMBoe, an increase of 16% over the prior year
- Type curve updated to 700 MBoe EUR, an increase of 37%
- Strengthened balance sheet and reduced the outstanding principal of our long-term debt by $127.1 million
- Increased operating cash flow by $11.4 million or 44% over the prior year
- 7% decrease in lease operating expense (“LOE”) over the prior year, delivering record low annual LOE of $4.23 per Boe
- Drilled 13 and completed nine horizontal Wolfcamp wells during the year with an inventory of 10 drilled and uncompleted wells at year-end
- Reserve replacement ratio of 748%
- Net loss was $112.4 million, or $1.35 per diluted share. Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was $29.8 million, or $0.36 per diluted share
- EBITDAX (non-GAAP) of $54.8 million, a 5% increase over the prior year
Adjusted net loss, EBITDAX and unhedged cash margin are non-GAAP measures. See “Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial and Other Measures” below for our definitions and reconciliations of adjusted net loss and EBITDAX to net income (loss) and unhedged cash margin to revenues.
Ross Craft, Approach’s Chairman and CEO, commented, “In the face of continued volatile commodity prices, in 2017 we delivered a third consecutive year of fiscal discipline, optimizing returns and providing steady production output. Our continued emphasis on cost control and operating efficiency delivered industry-leading LOE, a record low on a per Boe basis, despite double-digit service cost escalation across the Permian Basin. Even with weather-related operational restrictions during the year, we delivered solid production, above the midpoint of annual guidance. We also successfully completed a strategic exchange and follow-on exchange of senior notes for equity and closed the Pangea West bolt-on acquisition, adding production and HBP acreage in the highest oil concentration of our core position. With 186 horizontal Wolfcamp wells on line at year-end, we continue to demonstrate the resilience of our asset, its suitability for manufacturing-style development and the proficiency of our team as we exploit science and technique to increase well recoveries and manage natural production decline.
“We enter 2018 with our strategic objectives unchanged: deliver a focused, disciplined capital program designed to maximize asset value, maintain our industry-leading cost structure and seek synergistic acquisition opportunities that will strengthen the balance sheet and are accretive to per share metrics. By remaining focused on our plan, we believe we are well positioned to create value for our shareholders.”
Fourth Quarter 2017 Results
Production for fourth quarter 2017 totaled 1,064 MBoe (11.6 MBoe/d), made up of 25% oil, 36% NGLs and 39% natural gas. Average realized commodity prices for fourth quarter 2017, before the effect of commodity derivatives, were $52.09 per Bbl of oil, $22.61 per Bbl of NGLs and $2.32 per Mcf of natural gas. Our average realized price, including the effect of commodity derivatives, was $24.01 per Boe for fourth quarter 2017.
Net income for fourth quarter 2017 was $45.8 million, or $0.51 per diluted share, on revenues of $28.4 million. Net income for fourth quarter 2017 included an income tax benefit of $51.9 million related to the reduction in our deferred tax liabilities resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and an increase in the fair value of our commodity derivatives of $1.4 million. Excluding these items, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) for fourth quarter 2017 was $6.1 million, or $0.07 per diluted share. EBITDAX (non-GAAP) for fourth quarter 2017 was $13.9 million. See “Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial and Other Measures” below for our reconciliation of adjusted net loss and EBITDAX to net income.
LOE averaged $4.77 per Boe. Production and ad valorem taxes averaged $2.09 per Boe, or 7.8% of oil, NGLs and gas sales. Exploration costs were $0.38 per Boe. Total general and administrative (“G&A”) costs averaged $5.16 per Boe, including cash G&A costs of $4.09 per Boe. Depletion, depreciation and amortization expense averaged $15.20 per Boe. Interest expense totaled $5.4 million.
Full-Year 2017 Results
Production for 2017 was 4,232 MBoe (11.6 MBoe/d), made up of 26% oil, 35% NGLs and 39% natural gas. Average realized commodity prices for 2017, before the effect of commodity derivatives, were $47.63 per Bbl of oil, $18.64 per Bbl of NGLs and $2.53 per Mcf of natural gas. Our average realized price, including the effect of commodity derivatives, was $23.86 per Boe for 2017.
Net loss for 2017 was $112.4 million, or $1.35 per diluted share, on revenues of $105.3 million. Net loss for 2017 included a write-off of $139.1 million of deferred tax assets in connection with the completed debt for equity exchange transactions, an income tax benefit of $51.9 million related to the reduction in our deferred tax liabilities resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, a gain on debt extinguishment of $5.1 million and an increase in the fair value of our commodity derivative of $4.1 million. Excluding these items, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) for 2017 was $29.8 million, or $0.36 per diluted share. EBITDAX (non-GAAP) for 2017 was $54.8 million. See “Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial and Other Measures” below for our reconciliation of adjusted net loss and EBITDAX to net loss.
LOE averaged an annual record low of $4.23 per Boe. Production and ad valorem taxes averaged $2.04 per Boe, or 8.2% of oil, NGLs and gas sales. Exploration costs were $0.86 per Boe. Total G&A costs averaged $5.75 per Boe, including cash G&A costs of $4.65 per Boe. Depletion, depreciation and amortization expense averaged $16.66 per Boe. Interest expense totaled $21.1 million.
During the fourth quarter of 2017 we drilled one horizontal Wolfcamp well to the A Bench in Pangea West. Currently, the well is in flowback. In total, we completed four wells in the first quarter of 2018 using our Generation X frac design and are very encouraged by the early results of the wells. We hope to have additional information to report in our next operations update.
In 2017, we focused on operating substantially within cash flow and increasing activity in a disciplined manner in conjunction with slowly recovering commodity prices. We maintained focus on managing natural production decline through surface facility optimization, operating efficiencies and investment in well repairs, workovers and maintenance. During 2017, we drilled 13 horizontal Wolfcamp wells. Of these, three wells were drilled to the A bench, five wells were drilled to the B bench and five wells were drilled to the C bench. We completed nine horizontal Wolfcamp wells. Of these, one well was completed in the A bench, five wells were completed in the B bench and three wells were completed in the C bench. The nine completed wells are tracking at or above our 700 MBoe type curve, wells normalized for a 7,500 foot lateral length. At December 31, 2017, we had 10 horizontal wells waiting on completion.
Our extensive infrastructure network of centralized production facilities, water transportation, handling and recycling system, gas lift lines and salt water disposal wells continue to provide sustainable competitive advantages and environmentally responsible facility operations. In 2017, by reducing resource consumption, improving operating practices and minimizing ground transportation we were able to maintain our industry leading LOE per Boe at $4.23.
Innovation Drives Value
Our focus on driving value through a combination of innovation and efficiency is evidenced in our GenX frac design, which balances EUR improvement with cost control. The GenX frac design, first used in 2015, has delivered significant well performance improvement in our horizontal Wolfcamp wells while maintaining a competitive drilling cost. As a result, Approach raised its type curve to an EUR of 700 MBoe to reflect the improved productivity, an increase of 37%.
Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2017 Production
Fourth quarter 2017 production totaled 1,064 MBoe (11.6 MBoe/d). Full-year 2017 production totaled 4,232 MBoe (11.6 MBoe/d).
|Three and 12 Months Ended|
|December 31, 2017|
2017 Estimated Proved Reserves and Costs Incurred
Year-end 2017 proved reserves totaled 181.5 MMBoe. Year-end 2017 proved reserves were 28% oil, 32% NGLs and 40% natural gas. Proved developed reserves represent approximately 37% of total year-end 2017 proved reserves.
At December 31, 2017, substantially all of our proved reserves were located in our core operating area in the southern Midland Basin. Year-end 2017 estimated proved reserves included 170.2 MMBoe attributable to the horizontal Wolfcamp shale play.
The table below illustrates our horizontal Wolfcamp and other reserves over the last three years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.
|Years Ended December 31,|
|Percent of total proved reserves||94||%||93||%||93||%|
|Percent of total proved reserves||6||%||7||%||7||%|
|Total proved reserves||181,546||156,377||166,646|
Extensions and discoveries for 2017 were 33.3 MMBoe, primarily attributable to our development project in the Wolfcamp shale oil resource play in the Permian Basin. During 2017, we acquired 1.6 MMBoe of proved reserves through the bolt-on acquisition, and we reclassified 17.7 MMBoe of proved undeveloped reserves to unproved reserves. The reserves reclassified are attributable to horizontal well locations in Project Pangea that are no longer expected to be developed within five years from their initial booking, as required by SEC rules. Revisions included an increase of 9.4 MMBoe resulting from updated well performance and technical parameters, and an increase of 3.1 MMBoe due to higher commodity prices.
The following table summarizes the changes in our estimated proved reserves during 2017.
|Balance — December 31, 2016||50,031||47,634||352,277||156,377|
|Extensions and discoveries||10,546||9,975||76,709||33,307|
|Acquisition of minerals in place||710||394||2,808||1,572|
|Revisions to previous estimates||(10,120||)||1,431||20,582||(5,259||)|
|Balance — December 31, 2017||50,060||57,948||441,228||181,545|
|Reserve replacement ratio|
|Extensions and discoveries / Production||748||%|
(1) Production includes 1,319 MMcf related to field fuel.
Our preliminary, unaudited estimate of the standardized after-tax measure of discounted future net cash flows (“standardized measure”) of our proved reserves at December 31, 2017, was $460.8 million. The PV-10 (non-GAAP), or pre-tax present value of our proved reserves discounted at 10%, of our proved reserves at December 31, 2017, was $521 million ($582.2 million at December 31, 2017, NYMEX strip).
The independent engineering firm DeGolyer and MacNaughton prepared our estimates of year-end 2017 proved reserves and PV-10 at SEC pricing. PV-10 is a non-GAAP measure. See “Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial and Other Measures” below for our definition of PV-10 and reconciliation to the standardized measure (GAAP). Our reserve estimates and our calculation of standardized measure and PV-10 are based on the 12-month average of the first-day-of-the-month pricing of $51.34 per Bbl of oil, $18.67 per Bbl of NGLs and $2.99 per MMBtu of natural gas during 2017.
At NYMEX strip pricing at December 31, 2017, PV-10 is $582.2 million. The following table summarizes the NYMEX strip prices at December 31, 2017.
|Oil (per Bbl)||$||59.55||$||56.19||$||53.76||$||52.29||$||51.67|
|Natural gas (per MMBtu)||$||2.84||$||2.81||$||2.82||$||2.85||$||2.89|
|(1) Subsequent year prices were held flat for the remaining lives of the properties.|
|(2) NGLs prices per Bbl were estimated at 40% of the oil strip price.|
Fourth quarter capital expenditures were $1.3 million. Net capital expenditures incurred during 2017 totaled $47.1 million and were attributable to drilling and development ($44.2 million), infrastructure projects and equipment ($3.6 million) and acreage extensions ($0.2 million), partially offset by a sales tax refund of $0.9 million.
At December 31, 2017, we had a $1 billion senior secured revolving credit facility in place with a borrowing base of $325 million, and liquidity of $33.7 million. See “Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial and Other Measures” below for our definition and calculation of liquidity.
Commodity Derivatives Update
We enter into commodity derivatives positions to reduce the risk of commodity price fluctuations. At present, approximately 52% of 2018 forecasted oil, 55% of 2018 forecasted natural gas and 50% of NGL production is hedged. The table below is a summary of our current derivatives positions.
|Commodity and Period||Type||Volume Transacted||Contract Price|
|January 2018 — December 2018||Swap||300 Bbls/day||$50.00/Bbl|
|January 2018 — March 2018||Collar||1,000 Bbls/day||$50.00/Bbl – $55.05/Bbl|
|January 2018 — June 2018||Collar||500 Bbls/day||$55.00/Bbl – $60.00/Bbl|
|January 2018 — September 2018||Swap||700 Bbls/day||$60.50/Bbl|
|April 2018 — September 2018||Swap||800 Bbls/day||$60.50/Bbl|
|January 2018 — December 2018||Swap||200,000 MMBtu/month||$3.085/MMBtu|
|January 2018 — December 2018||Swap||250,000 MMBtu/month||$3.084/MMBtu|
|NGLs (C2 – Ethane)|
|February 2018 — December 2018||Swap||1,000 Bbls/day||$11.424/Bbl|
|NGLs (C3 – Propane)|
|January 2018 — March 2018||Swap||450 Bbls/day||$30.24/Bbl|
|February 2018 — December 2018||Swap||600 Bbls/day||$32.991/Bbl|
|NGLs (IC4 – Isobutane)|
|January 2018 — March 2018||Swap||50 Bbls/day||$36.12/Bbl|
|February 2018 — December 2018||Swap||50 Bbls/day||$38.262/Bbl|
|NGLs (NC4 – Butane)|
|January 2018 — March 2018||Swap||150 Bbls/day||$35.70/Bbl|
|February 2018 — December 2018||Swap||200 Bbls/day||$38.22/Bbl|
|NGLs (C5 – Pentane)|
|January 2018 — December 2018||Swap||200 Bbls/day||$56.364/Bbl|
The Company’s capital budget for 2018 is a range of $50 million to $70 million, depending on commodity prices. The table below sets forth our production and operating costs and expenses guidance for 2018.
|Capital Expenditures (in millions)||$50 − $70|
|Oil (MBbls)||1,150 − 1,250|
|NGLs (MBbls)||1,450 − 1,550|
|Gas (MMcf)||9,600 − 10,200|
|Total (MBoe)||4,200 − 4,500|
|Cash operating costs (per Boe):|
|Lease operating||$4.50 − 5.50|
|Production and ad valorem taxes||8.25% of oil and gas revenues|
|Cash general and administrative||$4.50 − 5.50|
|Non-cash operating costs (per Boe):|
|Non-cash general and administrative||$0.50 − 1.00|
|Exploration||$0.50 − 1.00|
|Depletion, depreciation and amortization||$16.00 − 17.00|
First quarter 2018 production is estimated to be approximately 11.3 MBoe/d. First quarter 2018 production will be affected by no new well completions in the fourth quarter of 2017 and weather.
As further discussed below under “Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements,” our guidance is forward-looking information that is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, our 2018 capital budget excludes acquisitions and lease extensions and renewals and is subject to change depending upon a number of factors, including prevailing and anticipated prices for oil, NGLs and natural gas, results of horizontal drilling and completions, economic and industry conditions at the time of drilling, the availability of sufficient capital resources for drilling prospects, our financial results and the availability of lease extensions and renewals on reasonable terms.
Conference Call Information and Summary Presentation
The Company will host a conference call on Friday, March 9, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. Central Time (11:00 a.m. Eastern Time) to discuss fourth quarter and full-year 2017 financial and operational results. Those wishing to listen to the conference call, may do so by visiting the Events page under the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website, www.approachresources.com, or by phone:
|Dial in:||(844) 884-9950 / Conference ID: 4883409|
|International Dial In:||(661) 378-9660|
|A replay of the call will be available on the Company’s website or by dialing:|
|Dial in:||(855) 859-2056 / Passcode: 4883409|
In addition, a fourth quarter and full-year 2017 summary presentation will be available on the Company’s website.
About Approach Resources
Approach Resources Inc. is an independent energy company focused on the exploration, development, production and acquisition of unconventional oil and natural gas reserves in the Midland Basin of the greater Permian Basin in West Texas. For more information about the Company, please visit www.approachresources.com. Please note that the Company routinely posts important information about the Company under the Investor Relations section of its website.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this press release that address activities, events or developments that the Company expects, believes or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, forward-looking statements contained in this press release specifically include expectations of anticipated financial and operating results. These statements are based on certain assumptions made by the Company based on management’s experience, perception of historical trends and technical analyses, current conditions, anticipated future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate and reasonable by management. When used in this press release, the words “will,” “potential,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “expect,” “may,” “should,” “anticipate,” “could,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “profile,” “model” or their negatives, other similar expressions or the statements that include those words, are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. Such statements are subject to a number of assumptions, risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the control of the Company, which may cause actual results to differ materially from those implied or expressed by the forward-looking statements. Further information on such assumptions, risks and uncertainties is available in the Company’s SEC filings. The Company’s SEC filings are available on the Company’s website at www.approachresources.com. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made and the Company undertakes no obligation to correct or update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.
UNAUDITED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
|Three Months Ended||Twelve Months Ended|
|December 31,||December 31,|
|Revenues (in thousands):|
|Total oil, NGLs and gas sales||28,417||26,505||105,349||90,302|
|Net cash (payment) receipt on derivative settlements||(2,878||)||442||(4,359||)||6,132|
Total oil, NGLs and gas sales including derivative impact
|Oil (per Bbl)||$||52.09||$||46.02||$||47.63||$||37.90|
|NGLs (per Bbl)||22.61||15.25||18.64||12.93|
|Gas (per Mcf)||2.32||2.65||2.53||2.14|
|Total (per Boe)||$||26.71||$||23.96||$||24.89||$||19.90|
|Net cash (payment) receipt on derivative settlements (per Boe)||(2.70||)||0.40||(1.03||)||1.35|
|Total including derivative impact (per Boe)||$||24.01||$||24.36||$||23.86||$||21.25|
|Costs and expenses (per Boe):|
|Production and ad valorem taxes||2.09||2.43||2.04||1.81|
|General and administrative (1)||5.16||6.35||5.75||5.45|
|Depletion, depreciation and amortization||15.20||17.54||16.66||17.42|
|(1) Below is a summary of general and administrative expense:|
|General and administrative – cash component||$||4.09||$||4.55||$||4.65||$||4.07|
|General and administrative – noncash component (share-based compensation)||1.07||1.80||1.10||1.38|
|APPROACH RESOURCES INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES|
|UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|(In thousands, except shares and per-share amounts)|
|Three Months Ended||Twelve Months Ended|
|December 31,||December 31,|
|Oil, NGLs and gas sales||$||28,417||$||26,505||$||105,349||$||90,302|
|Production and ad valorem taxes||2,219||2,685||8,644||8,217|
|General and administrative||5,491||7,026||24,333||24,734|
|Depletion, depreciation and amortization||16,173||19,402||70,521||79,044|
|Interest expense, net||(5,370||)||(7,086||)||(21,053||)||(27,259||)|
|Gain on debt extinguishment||—||—||5,053||—|
|Write-off of debt issuance costs||—||—||—||(563||)|
|Commodity derivative (loss) gain||(1,377||)||(2,901||)||(262||)||(5,484||)|
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAX (BENEFIT) PROVISION
INCOME TAX (BENEFIT) PROVISION:
|NET INCOME (LOSS)||$||45,817||$||(13,475||)||$||(112,359||)||$||(52,243||)|
|EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE:|
|WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:|
UNAUDITED SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
|Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet Data||December 31,|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||21||$||21|
|Other current assets||16,679||12,473|
|Property and equipment, net, successful efforts method||1,082,876||1,092,061|
|Long-term debt (1)||373,460||498,349|
|Deferred income taxes||82,102||5,615|
|Other long-term liabilities||11,531||11,270|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$||1,099,576||$||1,104,555|
Approach Resources Inc.
Suzanne Ogle, 817-989-9000
Vice President – Investor Relations & Corporate Communications