DALLAS–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Pioneer Natural Resources Company (NYSE:PXD) (“Pioneer” or “the Company”) today reported financial and operating results for the quarter ended March 31, 2018.
Pioneer reported first quarter net income attributable to common stockholders of $178 million, or $1.04 per diluted share. Without the effect of noncash mark-to-market (MTM) derivative losses of $106 million after tax, or $0.62 per diluted share, adjusted income for the first quarter was $284 million after tax, or $1.66 per diluted share.
First quarter financial and operating highlights included:
- producing 260 thousand barrels oil equivalent per day (MBOEPD) in the Permian Basin, an increase of 9 MBOEPD, or 3%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2017; first quarter Permian Basin production was at the top end of Pioneer’s production guidance range of 252 MBOEPD to 260 MBOEPD; as previously announced, freezing temperatures in early January resulted in production losses of approximately 6 MBOEPD; Permian Basin oil production increased to 170 thousand barrels of oil per day (MBOPD); 63 horizontal wells were placed on production;
- producing 312 MBOEPD companywide, an increase of 7 MBOEPD, or 2%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2017; production was near the top end of Pioneer’s first quarter production guidance range of 304 MBOEPD to 314 MBOEPD; in addition to the freezing temperatures in early January that resulted in production losses of approximately 6 MBOEPD, Pioneer’s first quarter production was negatively impacted by approximately 2 MBOEPD due to a compressor station fire in the West Panhandle field; West Panhandle production resumed in early April at approximately 8 MBOEPD;
- continuing to maintain a strong balance sheet with cash on hand at the end of the first quarter of $1.8 billion (includes liquid investments); net debt to forecasted 2018 operating cash flow was 0.3 times and net debt-to-book capitalization was 7% at the end of the first quarter;
- assuring movement of Pioneer’s increasing volumes of Permian Basin oil and gas through firm transportation contracts; approximately 160 MBOPD were delivered to the Gulf Coast under firm pipeline contracts during the first quarter at Brent-related pricing; Pioneer exported 87 MBOPD of the total volumes delivered to the Gulf Coast; approximately 75% of the Company’s Permian Basin gas production of 216 million cubic feet per day (MMCFPD) was tranported under firm pipeline contracts to the southern California market where it is sold, with the remainder sold primarily under term contracts at Waha;
- enhancing cash flow by $16 million from premiums received on oil sales to Gulf Coast refineries and export markets in the first quarter;
- closing the sale of 10,200 net acres in the Eagle Ford Shale for $103 million;
- adjusting Pioneer’s executive compensation program for 2018 to incorporate return on capital employed (ROCE) and per-share production and proved reserves growth targets; and
- repurchasing approximately $17 million of common stock under the $100 million repurchase program to offset dilution from annual employee stock awards.
Pioneer’s full-year 2018 update includes:
- operating 20 horizontal rigs in the Permian Basin; expecting to place 250 to 275 wells on production during 2018; evaluating the timing of rig additions later in 2018 to support the 2019 plan;
- drilling the most productive wells in the Permian Basin that deliver strong cash operating margins and high rates of return;
- expecting to place approximately 45 Version 3.0+ completions on line during the first half of 2018 as planned; Version 3.0+ completions continue to significantly outperform Version 3.0 wells; the Company is currently evaluating the number of Version 3.0+ completions to be added in the second half of 2018; during the first quarter, the Company completed 31 Version 3.0+ wells and placed 16 Version 3.0+ wells on production;
- planning to appraise three additional Wolfcamp D wells with Version 3.0 completions during 2018; Pioneer’s first Wolfcamp D well with this type of completion, which was placed on production during the fourth quarter of 2017, has delivered 130-day cumulative production of 260 thousand barrel oil equivalents (MBOE), with an oil content of 72%;
- expecting to appraise 19 wells in the Middle Spraberry Shale, Jo Mill and Lower Spraberry Shale during 2018 to determine optimal long-term development strategy;
- progressing divesture process for the Company’s Eagle Ford Shale, South Texas, Raton and West Panhandle assets, making Pioneer a Permian Basin “pure play”; after all of the divestitures are completed, reported cash operating margins and corporate returns will be significantly improved;
- funding 2018 capital spending from forecasted cashflow of approximately $3.2 billion at current strip prices for the remainder of 2018 ($66 per barrel for oil and $2.80 per thousand cubic feet (MCF) for gas); the 2018 capital budget of $2.9 billion is expected to be increased due to additional Version 3.0+ completions, late-year rig additions preparing for 2019 and inflation;
- forecasting Permian Basin production growth in 2018 ranging from 19% to 24% compared to 2017; production is currently trending towards the high end of this range; and
- repaying the May 2018 debt maturity of $450 million from cash on hand.
President and CEO Timothy L. Dove stated, “The Company delivered another solid quarter, with strong earnings, solid execution, robust oil production growth and excellent horizontal well performance in the Permian Basin. Our world-class Permian Basin asset is considered by many to be the top oil shale play in North America. We are drilling the most productive wells in the Basin that are low-cost and generate strong cash operating margins and high rates of return.”
“Our cash flow continues to benefit from our strategy to enter into firm transportation contracts for our increasing volumes of Permian Basin oil and gas production. Our oil contracts to the Gulf Coast not only expose us to Brent-related pricing, but also insulate us from the recent widening of the Midland-Cushing oil price differential. Pioneer’s firm transportation contracts for gas provide flow assurance, with more than 75% of our production being sold in southern California.”
“Our transition to a Permian Basin ‘pure play’ is progressing according to plan. The sale of selected Eagle Ford Shale acreage has been completed. The data room for our remaining Eagle Ford Shale and other South Texas assets has been active. We are making progress on the other assets and expect to have all the data rooms open by mid-May. When the divestiture of these non-Permian assets is complete, the Company will report stronger cash operating margins and corporate returns due to an increase in revenue per barrel oil equivalent (BOE) and a decrease in operating cost per BOE.”
“Looking forward, our deep, low-risk inventory of high-margin Permian Basin wells allows us to deliver increasing cash flow and corporate returns. Our balance sheet remains among the strongest in the industry, while our focus on capital discipline supports an economic, steady long-term growth profile. We believe our high Permian ‘return on capital’ will enhance shareholder value by delivering increasing ‘return of capital’ to investors.”
Permian Basin Operations Update and Outlook
Pioneer is the largest acreage holder in the Midland Basin, with approximately 550,000 gross acres in the northern portion of the play and approximately 200,000 gross acres in the southern Wolfcamp joint venture area. Pioneer’s contiguous acreage position and substantial resource potential allow for decades of drilling horizontal wells with lateral lengths ranging from 7,500 feet to 14,000 feet.
The Company implemented a completion optimization program during 2015 in the Permian Basin that combines longer laterals with optimized stage lengths, clusters per stage, fluid volumes and proppant concentrations. The objective of the program was to improve well productivity by allowing more rock to be contacted closer to the horizontal wellbore. In 2013 and 2014, the Company’s initial fracture stimulation design (Version 1.0) consisted of proppant concentrations of approximately 1,000 pounds per foot, fluid concentrations of 30 barrels per foot, cluster spacing of 60 feet and stage spacing of 240 feet. Beginning in mid-2015, the Company enhanced its fracture stimulation design (Version 2.0), which consisted of larger proppant concentrations of approximately 1,400 pounds per foot, larger fluid concentrations of 36 barrels per foot, tighter cluster spacing of 30 feet and shorter stage spacing of 150 feet. Beginning in the first quarter of 2016, Pioneer commenced testing further-enhanced completion designs (Version 3.0), which included larger proppant concentrations of approximately 2,000 pounds per foot, larger fluid concentrations up to 50 barrels per foot, tighter cluster spacing down to 15 feet and shorter stage spacing down to 100 feet.
Pioneer placed 47 Version 3.0 wells on production during the first quarter of 2018. The Company also placed 16 wells on production during the first quarter of 2018 that utilized higher intensity completions compared to Version 3.0 wells. These are referred to as Version 3.0+ completions. Results from the 20 Version 3.0+ wells completed in 2017 and early production results from the 16 Version 3.0+ wells that were placed on production in the first quarter of 2018 are significantly outperforming production from nearby offset wells with less intense completions. The Company originally planned to test approximately 45 Version 3.0+ completions during the first half of 2018, with the remaining wells for 2018 expected to be predominantly Version 3.0 completions. However, based on the success of the higher intensity completions to date, the Company is evaluating adding more Version 3.0+ completions in the second half of 2018.
The Company has entered into firm pipeline commitments to deliver approximately 160 MBOPD, or 95% of current Permian Basin net oil production, to Gulf Coast refineries and export markets. The Company delivered 160 MBOPD to the Gulf Coast during the first quarter, of which 87 MBOPD were exported. The firm pipeline contracts insulate Pioneer from the recent widening of the Midland-Cushing oil price basis differential by providing exposure to Brent-related pricing. As a result of this premium pricing, Gulf Coast refinery and export sales added $16 million of incremental cash flow in the first quarter of 2018. Pioneer’s oil volumes under firm transportation contracts increase through 2021 commensurate with the Company’s forecasted Permian Basin oil production growth. Pioneer is targeting to transport greater than 90% of the Company’s long-term Permian Basin net oil production under firm pipeline transportation agreements to the Gulf Coast for refinery sales and exports. The Company expects exports in the second quarter of 2018 to be similar to the first quarter. During the second half of 2018, export volumes are expected to grow as Pioneer’s export capacity is increased from approximately 110 MBOPD to 150 MBOPD.
The Company remains well positioned to move its Permian Basin gas production. Approximately 75% of Pioneer’s Midland Basin gas production is transported under firm pipeline transportation agreements to the southern California market where it is sold. The remainder is primarily sold under term contracts at Waha. Additional firm pipeline transportation has been secured on Kinder Morgan’s Gulf Coast Express pipeline, which is anticipated to be on line late in the third quarter of 2019. Firm transportation on the Gulf Coast Express pipeline will provide access to LNG exports, refineries, petrochemical facilities and Mexican markets. The Company’s 2018 revenues from gas sales are expected to be less than 5% of forecasted 2018 Permian oil, natural gas liquids (NGL) and gas revenues.
First Quarter 2018 Financial Review
Sales volumes for the first quarter of 2018 averaged 312 MBOEPD. Oil sales averaged 183 thousand barrels per day (MBPD), NGL sales averaged 66 MBPD and gas sales averaged 379 MMCFPD.
Similar to most companies, the Company adopted the new revenue recognition standard Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASC 606), “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” effective January 1, 2018. Under this new rule, gas processing fees and associated downstream fractionation and transportation fees that were previously reflected as a reduction in the Company’s reported NGL and gas revenues are now required to be recognized as an expense in the Company’s production costs. As a result of the new rule, reported NGL and gas revenues and associated price realizations will be higher, with an equivalent offsetting increase to production costs. Adoption of ASC 606 results in no change to the Company’s cash operating margins.
The average realized price for oil was $61.64 per barrel. Including the effects of ASC 606, the average realized price for NGLs was $27.74 per barrel, and the average realized price for gas was $2.59 per MCF. These prices exclude the effects of derivatives.
Production costs, including taxes and the effects of ASC 606, averaged $10.30 per BOE. Production costs would have been $8.77 per BOE excluding the effects of ASC 606. Depreciation, depletion and amortization (DD&A) expense averaged $12.72 per BOE. Exploration and abandonment costs were $35 million, including $7 million for drilling, acreage and other abandonments, $11 million for seismic purchases and $17 million for personnel costs. General and administrative expense totaled $90 million. Interest expense was $36 million. Other expense was $57 million, including $34 million of charges associated with excess firm gathering and transportation commitments. Accretion of discount on asset retirement obligations was $4 million. The Company’s effective income tax rate was 22%.
Second Quarter 2018 Financial Outlook
The Company’s second quarter 2018 outlook for certain operating and financial items is provided below.
Total production is forecasted to average between 312 MBOEPD to 322 MBOEPD. Permian Basin production is forecasted to average between 268 MBOEPD to 276 MBOEPD.
Production costs are expected to average $10.00 per BOE to $12.00 per BOE, reflecting the impact of ASC 606. DD&A expense is expected to average $12.50 per BOE to $14.50 per BOE. Total exploration and abandonment expense is forecasted to be $20 million to $30 million.
General and administrative expense is expected to be $90 million to $95 million. Interest expense is expected to be $30 million to $35 million. Other expense is forecasted to be $60 million to $70 million and is expected to include $40 million to $45 million of charges associated with excess firm gathering and transportation commitments. Accretion of discount on asset retirement obligations is expected to be $4 million to $7 million.
The Company’s effective income tax rate is expected to range from 21% to 25%. Current income taxes are expected to be less than $5 million.
The Company’s financial and derivative MTM results and open derivatives positions are outlined on the attached schedules.
Earnings Conference Call
On Thursday, May 3, 2018, at 9:00 a.m. Central Time, Pioneer will discuss its financial and operating results for the quarter ended March 31, 2018, with an accompanying presentation. Instructions for listening to the call and viewing the accompanying presentation are shown below.
Select “Investors,” then “Earnings & Webcasts” to listen to the discussion, view the presentation and see other related material.
Telephone: Dial 800-281-7973 and confirmation code 3052979 five minutes before the call. View the presentation via Pioneer’s internet address above.
A replay of the webcast will be archived on Pioneer’s website. This replay will be available through May 28, 2018. Click here to register for the call-in audio replay and you will receive the dial-in information.
Pioneer is a large independent oil and gas exploration and production company, headquartered in Dallas, Texas, with operations in the United States. For more information, visit www.pxd.com.
Except for historical information contained herein, the statements in this news release are forward-looking statements that are made pursuant to the Safe Harbor Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements and the business prospects of Pioneer are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that may cause Pioneer’s actual results in future periods to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, among other things, volatility of commodity prices, product supply and demand, competition, the ability to obtain environmental and other permits and the timing thereof, other government regulation or action, the ability to obtain approvals from third parties and negotiate agreements with third parties on mutually acceptable terms, completion of planned divestitures, litigation, the costs and results of drilling and operations, availability of equipment, services, resources and personnel required to perform the Company’s drilling and operating activities, access to and availability of transportation, processing, fractionation, refining and export facilities, Pioneer’s ability to replace reserves, implement its business plans or complete its development activities as scheduled, access to and cost of capital, the financial strength of counterparties to Pioneer’s credit facility, investment instruments and derivative contracts and purchasers of Pioneer’s oil, natural gas liquids and gas production, uncertainties about estimates of reserves and resource potential, identification of drilling locations and the ability to add proved reserves in the future, the assumptions underlying production forecasts, quality of technical data, environmental and weather risks, including the possible impacts of climate change, cybersecurity risks, ability to implement planned stock repurchases, the risks associated with the ownership and operation of the Company’s industrial sand mining and oilfield services businesses and acts of war or terrorism. These and other risks are described in Pioneer’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, Pioneer may be subject to currently unforeseen risks that may have a materially adverse impact on it. Accordingly, no assurances can be given that the actual events and results will not be materially different than the anticipated results described in the forward-looking statements. Pioneer undertakes no duty to publicly update these statements except as required by law.
“Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)” is a non-GAAP financial measure. As used by Pioneer, ROCE is net income adjusted for tax-effected interest expense, net noncash MTM derivative gains and losses and other unusual items divided by the summation of average equity plus average net debt.
Pioneer may repurchase shares from time to time at management’s discretion in accordance with applicable securities laws, including through open market transactions, privately negotiated transactions or any combination thereof. In addition, shares may also be purchased pursuant to a trading plan meeting the requirements of Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which would permit shares to be repurchased when the Company might otherwise be precluded from doing so under insider trading laws. The amount and timing of repurchases are subject to a number of factors, including stock price, trading volume and general market conditions, and the program may be modified, suspended or terminated at any time by Pioneer’s Board of Directors. The Company intends to fund repurchases under the program from existing cash flow, proceeds from asset divestitures or cash and cash equivalents.
This news release also contains a forward-looking non-GAAP financial measure, return on capital employed. Due to its forward-looking nature, management cannot reliably predict certain of the necessary components of the most directly comparable forward-looking GAAP measure, such as future noncash property impairments, gains or losses on future divestitures and future noncash MTM derivative gains and losses. Accordingly, Pioneer is unable to present a quantitative reconciliation of such forward-looking non-GAAP financial measure to its most directly comparable forward-looking GAAP financial measure. Amounts excluded from this non-GAAP measure in future periods could be significant.
Cautionary Note to U.S. Investors –The SEC prohibits oil and gas companies, in their filings with the SEC, from disclosing estimates of oil or gas resources other than “reserves,” as that term is defined by the SEC. In this news release, Pioneer includes estimates of quantities of oil and gas using certain terms, such as “resource potential,” “net recoverable resource potential,” “recoverable resource,” “estimated ultimate recovery,” “EUR,” “oil in place” or other descriptions of volumes of reserves, which terms include quantities of oil and gas that may not meet the SEC’s definitions of proved, probable and possible reserves, and which the SEC’s guidelines strictly prohibit Pioneer from including in filings with the SEC. These estimates are by their nature more speculative than estimates of proved reserves and, accordingly, are subject to substantially greater risk of being recovered by Pioneer. U.S. investors are urged to consider closely the disclosures in the Company’s periodic filings with the SEC. Such filings are available from the Company at 5205 N. O’Connor Blvd., Suite 200, Irving, Texas 75039, Attention: Investor Relations, and the Company’s website at www.pxd.com. These filings also can be obtained from the SEC by calling 1-800-SEC-0330.
|PIONEER NATURAL RESOURCES COMPANY|
|UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS|
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||1,001||$||896|
|Accounts receivable, net||826||645|
|Income taxes receivable||7||7|
|Assets held for sale||20||—|
|Total current assets||2,824||3,007|
|Property, plant and equipment, at cost:|
|Oil and gas properties, using the successful efforts method of accounting||21,460||20,962|
|Accumulated depletion, depreciation and amortization||(9,230||)||(9,196||)|
|Total property, plant and equipment||12,230||11,766|
|Other property and equipment, net||1,799||1,762|
|Other assets, net||108||132|
|LIABILITIES AND EQUITY|
|Income taxes payable||1||—|
|Current portion of long-term debt||449||449|
|Liabilities held for sale||6||—|
|Total current liabilities||2,250||2,128|
|Deferred income taxes||928||899|
|PIONEER NATURAL RESOURCES COMPANY|
|UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|(in millions, except per share data)|
|Three Months Ended
|Revenues and other income:|
|Oil and gas||$||1,266||$||809|
|Sales of purchased oil and gas||1,070||316|
|Interest and other||18||13|
|Derivative gains (losses), net||(208||)||151|
|Gain on disposition of assets, net||4||11|
|Costs and expenses:|
|Oil and gas production||213||141|
|Production and ad valorem taxes||76||47|
|Depletion, depreciation and amortization||357||337|
|Purchased oil and gas||1,054||335|
|Impairment of oil and gas properties||—||285|
|Exploration and abandonments||35||33|
|General and administrative||90||84|
|Accretion of discount on asset retirement obligations||4||5|
|Income (loss) before income taxes||228||(73||)|
|Income tax benefit (provision)||(50||)||31|
|Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders||$||178||$||(42||)|
|Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders||$||1.04||$||(0.25||)|
|Weighted average shares outstanding:|
Pioneer Natural Resources Company
Frank Hopkins, 972-969-4065
Neal Shah, 972-969-3900
Tom Fitter, 972-969-1821
Media and Public Affairs
Tadd Owens, 972-969-5760
Robert Bobo, 972-969-4020