RESULTS AT A GLANCE
|Three Months Ended March 31|
|FINANCIAL ($000s, except as noted)||2019||2018||Change|
|Royalty and other revenue||35,609||39,157||-9||%|
|Net Income (loss)||(7,079||)||4,423||-260||%|
|Per share, basic and diluted ($)||(0.06||)||0.04||-250||%|
|Funds from operations||29,348||32,384||-9||%|
|Per share, basic ($)||0.25||0.27||-7||%|
|Acquisitions and related expenditures||929||32,396||-97||%|
|Per share ($) (1)||0.1575||0.1525||3||%|
|Shares outstanding, period end (000s)||118,458||118,238||–|
|Average shares outstanding (000s) (2)||118,403||118,183||–|
|Royalty production (boe/d) (3)||10,139||11,197||-9||%|
|Total production (boe/d) (3)||10,627||12,002||-11||%|
|Oil and NGL (%)||55||54||2||%|
|Average price realizations ($/boe) (3)||36.29||34.52||5||%|
|Operating netback ($/boe) (3) (4)||36.22||34.86||4||%|
(1) Based on the number of shares issued and outstanding at each record date.
(2) Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, basic.
(3) See Conversion of Natural Gas to Barrels of Oil Equivalent (boe).
(4) See Non-GAAP Financial Measures
An improved commodity environment relative to Q4-2018 helped Freehold generate strong funds from operations in Q1-2019 of $29.3 million or $0.25 per share, comfortably above current dividend levels of $0.1575 per share and allowing Freehold to pay down approximately $12 million in net debt quarter-over-quarter. Based on Freehold’s closing share price on March 31, 2019, our free cash flow yield of 12% positions Freehold as an attractive oil and gas investment. As we look forward, we will continue to allocate our free cash flow towards a combination of debt repayment, value enhancing acquisitions and our dividend, with the goal of maximizing returns for our shareholders.
On the operations front, royalty production for the quarter averaged 10,139 boe/d, above the midpoint of our 2019 production guidance. Volumes were impacted by a combination of cold weather and lower additions from our audit function. Activity outpaced expectations in the quarter with 147 (7.3 net) locations drilled on our royalty lands with the majority of third party drilling centered on our light oil portfolio.
It is our objective to drive oil and gas development on our lands and to acquire royalties with acceptable growth and risk profiles. During the quarter, development on our lands exceeded industry trends, demonstrating the strength of our asset base.
President and CEO
The Board has declared a dividend of $0.0525 per common share to be paid on June 17, 2019 to shareholders of record on May 31, 2019. The dividend is designated as an eligible dividend for Canadian income tax purposes.
2019 First Quarter Highlights
- Freehold’s royalty production averaged 10,139 boe/d during Q1-2019, down 9% versus Q1-2018 and 2% when compared to Q4-2018. Reduced volumes quarter-over-quarter were associated with lower third-party production additions on our royalty lands and weather related shut-ins.
- Royalty interests accounted for 95% of total production and contributed 99% of operating income(1) in Q1-2019.
- Funds from operations totaled $29.3 million, or $0.25 per share, a decrease of 9% compared to Q1-2018. Funds from operations were $10.9 million, or 59%, higher than the previous quarter. The improvement in funds from operations quarter-over-quarter was a result of improved natural gas commodity prices and stronger Canadian oil pricing due to reduced discounts to West Texas Intermediate (WTI).
- In the first quarter, free cash flow(1) in the quarter also equaled $29.3 million, a decrease of 9% compared to Q1-2018. Using Freehold’s closing share price as at March 31, 2019 of $8.41, this represents an annualized free cash flow yield of 12%.
- Income in Q1-2019 was reduced by a non-recurring impairment charge of $14.1 million offset by a related deferred tax recovery of $3.8 million.
- Wells drilled on our royalty lands totaled 147 (7.3 net) in the quarter compared to 239 (6.4 net) in Q1-2018 and 220 (7.4 net) in the previous quarter. We saw strong activity levels associated with our light oil portfolio, particularly in southwest Saskatchewan Viking.
- In Q1-2019, Freehold issued 20 new lease agreements with 10 companies, compared to 26 issued in Q4-2018 and 42 leases in Q1-2018.
- Cash costs (1) for the quarter totaled $6.39/boe, up from $6.13/boe in Q1-2018. Cash costs are typically higher in the first quarter of the year associated with certain annual general and administrative charges that occur early in the year. For the full year 2019, we are forecasting cash costs of approximately $5.00/boe (2018 – $5.10/boe).
- Dividends declared for Q1-2019 totaled $0.1575 per share, similar to the previous year.
- Our payout ratio (1) (dividends declared/funds from operations) for Q1-2019 totaled 64%, compared to 101% in the previous quarter and 56% in Q1-2018.
(1) See Non-GAAP Financial Measures.
For the first three months of 2019, 147 (7.3 net) wells were drilled on our royalty lands, down 38% on a gross measure but up 14% on a net measure versus the same period in 2018. When compared to Q4-2018, net well activity was relatively flat. The net well drilling numbers are a testament to the quality of our underlying royalty portfolio, especially given broader drilling activity weakness within the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.
Activity through the first three months of 2019 was primarily focused on Saskatchewan oil prospects, including Viking at Dodsland, Mississippian plays in SE Saskatchewan and Shaunavon in SW Saskatchewan. Over 47 Dodsland Viking wells were drilled on our acreage in the first quarter, individually representing 32% of the total gross wells drilled. Together, Saskatchewan and Manitoba wells represented greater than 56% of our gross drilling in the quarter.
Alberta activity has been concentrated in the Cardium and Viking, with 11 wells drilled on our Pembina Cardium acreage and 25 wells drilled in Alberta Viking. Drilling for Deep Basin Cretaceous oil plays remains active, with four East Shale Basin Duvernay and two Northern Alberta Clearwater Sandstone wells, drilled on our acreage this quarter. Our top payors continue to represent some of the most well capitalized E&P companies in Canada.
ROYALTY INTEREST DRILLING
|Three Months Ended March 31|
|Gross||Net (1)||Gross||Net (1)|
(1) Equivalent net wells are the aggregate of the number obtained by multiplying each gross well by our royalty interest percentage.
2019 Guidance Update
Below are details of the changes made to our key operating assumptions for 2019 based on results for the first quarter and expectations for the remainder of the year.
- We are maintaining our 2019 average royalty production range of 9,900 boe/d-10,300 boe/d. Volumes are expected to be weighted approximately 55% oil and natural gas liquids and 45% natural gas. We continue to maintain our royalty focus with royalty production accounting for 96% of forecasted 2019 production and virtually all of our operating income.
- We are revising our oil price assumptions for WTI to US$62.50/bbl (previously US$55.00/bbl) and for Edmonton Light Sweet prices to $71.00/bbl (previously $61.00/bbl) and our C$/US$ currency exchange assumption to US$0.75 per Canadian dollar (previously US$0.76).
- Our full year AECO natural gas price assumption remains unchanged at $1.60/mcf.
- Based on our current $0.0525/share monthly dividend level, we expect our 2019 payout ratio (dividends declared/funds from operations) to be approximately 60% (previously 76%).
- General and administrative costs remain at $3.00/boe reflecting lower costs in the second to fourth quarters versus the first quarter rate.
- Due to the increase in oil price expectations noted above, and without factoring in any acquisition activity, we currently estimate that year-end net debt to funds from operations to exit 2019 at approximately 0.3 times (from 0.7 times).
- Subsequent to March 31, 2019, Freehold’s secured revolving credit facility was extended to mature May 31, 2022.
Key Operating Assumptions
|2019 Annual Average||May 7, 2019||Mar. 7, 2019|
|Royalty production (excludes working interest production)||boe/d||9,900-10,300||9,900-10,300|
|West Texas Intermediate crude oil||US$/bbl||62.50||55.00|
|Edmonton Light Sweet crude oil||Cdn$/bbl||71.00||61.00|
|AECO natural gas||Cdn$/Mcf||1.60||1.60|
|General and administrative costs||$/boe||3.00||3.00|
|Weighted average shares outstanding||millions||119||119|
Recognizing the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry, we continue to closely monitor commodity prices and industry trends for signs of deteriorating market conditions. We caution that it is inherently difficult to predict activity levels on our royalty lands since we have no operational control. As well, significant changes (positive or negative) in commodity prices (including Canadian oil price differentials), foreign exchange rates, or production rates may result in adjustments to the dividend rate.
Based on our current guidance and commodity price assumptions, and assuming no significant changes in the current business environment, we expect to maintain the current monthly dividend rate through the next quarter. We will continue to evaluate the commodity price environment and adjust the dividend levels as necessary (subject to the quarterly review and approval of our Board of Directors).
Subsequent to March 31, 2019, Freehold received a proposal letter (Proposal Letter) from Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) wherein CRA stated that it intends to re-assess and deny Freehold’s deduction of certain non-capital losses claimed and carried forward in the tax return filed for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Freehold will vigorously defend its tax filing position, however, it anticipates that proceedings with CRA could take considerable time to resolve. If the CRA issues the notice of reassessment (NOR) described in the Proposal Letter, Freehold’s assessed tax liability would be approximately $15 million (plus interest). If Freehold is reassessed in accordance with the Proposal Letter, it may also be reassessed with respect to the deduction of its non-capital losses in all of its tax filings subsequent to December 31, 2015. In such event, Freehold would utilize alternate claims available that would fully offset any tax liability for filed tax returns in periods subsequent to December 31, 2015. Freehold will be required to pay a deposit of 50% of the assessed tax liability, and it will have 90 days from the date of the NOR to prepare and file a notice of objection. Freehold firmly believes it will be successful defending its position and therefore any amounts paid to CRA should be refunded plus interest. No provisions have been made in the financial statements relating to the Proposal Letter.
Conference Call Details
A conference call to discuss financial and operational results for the period ended March 31, 2019 will be held for the investment community on Wednesday, May 8, 2019 beginning at 7:00 am MT (9:00 am ET). To participate in the conference call, approximately 10 minutes prior to the conference call, please dial 1-800-952-5114 (toll-free in North America) participant passcode is 9393978#.
Availability on SEDAR
Freehold’s 2019 first quarter interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) are being filed today with Canadian securities regulators and will be available at www.sedar.com and on our website at www.freeholdroyalties.com.