VANCOUVER – British Columbia’s Liberals defied common wisdom and months of abysmal polling numbers to win a majority government Tuesday, a stunning turnaround for a party and a premier written off for dead when the election started just a few weeks ago.
Premier Christy Clark was in a tight fight for her own Vancouver riding, but there was no doubt her party would return with another majority government. It was the Liberals’ fourth-consecutive victory and Clark’s first win as leader.
“Well, that was easy,” a beaming Clark joked with supporters at the party’s victory party at a downtown Vancouver hotel.
“Tonight, we have received a mandate from the people of British Columbia, and I say to the citizens of British Columbia: you have humbled us tonight with this opportunity and the tremendous obligation you placed on our shoulders. We will honour what you have bestowed on us, and together we will make British Columbia better.”
The Liberals trailed Dixâ€™s New Democrats in public opinion polls by as much as 20 points before the campaign started, but on Tuesday night, the governing party had re-elected incumbents and even stole a few ridings from the NDP in areas they were never expected to win.
The party even increased its standings in the legislature, winning in at least 49 ridings, with four left to be decided, including Clark’s own district of Vancouver-Point Grey. The Liberals had 45 seats before the legislature was dissolved.
The Liberal upset was the second recent Western Canadian election to stump the pollsters. Alberta’s governing Conservatives pulled off a similar comeback in April 2012, when all predictions called for their defeat.
In both cases, it appears the electorate chose an unpopular but safe and middle-of-the-road choice over a more radical opposition – the right wing Wildrose Party in Alberta and the left-wing New Democrats in B.C.
The debate in B.C. will begin now: did Clark pull off a miracle win, or did Dix lose an election that was his for the taking?
Dix addressed party members in Vancouver, conceding defeat but offering no explanation for why his party fell so far below expectations. Nor did he make any mention of his own future as leader.
“We have elected a very strong team that’s going to hold the government accountable,” Dix said.
“This party’s determination to bring change will continue. We’ve brought change because we connect with people. We brought change because we fight for a better society – and we are going to continue to do just that.”
At NDP headquarters, exhausted campaign workers who had been floating through Dix’s stump speeches for a month buoyed by certainty of a win, collapsed in tears.
The Liberals jumped into the lead in early returns and never fell behind the New Democrats. Their victories included both Kamloops-area ridings that have long been considered bellwethers in provincial elections for a century.
Even Liberals seemed stunned by the magnitude of the turnaround. Early in the evening, a small crowd at Liberal headquarters erupted in sporadic shouts as results came in their favour.
As the Liberal win became more apparent, the crowd quickly grew and became more boisterous as it became clear the downtown party headquarters would be hosting a victory celebration and not a wake for the party’s demise.
Longtime Liberals were privately as shocked as pundits – and likely, so too were pollsters. But publicly, those close to the campaign said they knew it all along.
“There were some signals that such a result was possible over the last year and a half,” Barry Penner, a longtime Liberal and former cabinet minister who left politics in 2011, said in an interview.
“At no time did support for the NDP register greater than 50 per cent in major public opinion polls. Even at the lowest ebb for the B.C. Liberal party, the public was not wildly enthusiastic for Adrian Dix or the NDP. That was a signal that the public was not falling in love with the NDP.”
Opinion polls had consistently placed Clark’s main opponent, Dix, as a favourite to win. Dix ran a populist campaign that urged voters it was time for a change.
Former NDP finance minister Paul Ramsey, who was spending the night at NDP headquarters, was at a loss to explain what happened.
“I’m with many people who worked on individual MLA campaigns and what they’re seeing on the television screens does not match what they’re seeing and thinking about the polls, or what they were feeling on the doorsteps of the ridings,” said Ramsey.
“I sense a real shock in the room, and I share that.”
The election also brought in Canada’s first Green party member to be elected to a provincial legislature. Climate scientist Andrew Weaver defeated Liberal cabinet minister Ida Chong in Oak Bay-Gordon Head, near Victoria.
The Liberals took back both seats in the Fraser Valley that they lost in last year’s byelection and snatched a seat from longtime New Democrat Harry Lali in Fraser-Nicola, located in the Fraser Canyon.
The vote came after a month-long campaign that saw the Liberals play the part of underdog under Clark, who took over the party from Gordon Campbell more than two years ago.
The Liberals were derided by much of the province over their introduction of the harmonized sales tax and other scandals, including the criminal probe into the sale of BC Rail.
During the campaign, Clark attempted to frame the election as a vote on the economy, gambling that her predecessor’s economic record would be enough to convince voters to keep the Liberals in power.
Minutes before Dix conceded, New Democrat Spencer Chandra Herbert, who was re-elected in Vancouver-West End, was taking the results in stride.
“I’ve always known that whether you’re in government or sitting in opposition, you have an incredible role to fulfil and that is fighting for change,” he said at the NDP headquarters.
“Whatever role the voters decide for us tonight, we’re going to have to pick up that mantle and go for it.”
Dix handily won his riding, but Clark was in a battle for hers in Vancouver-Point Grey. She spent much of the evening within a couple hundred votes of New Democrat David Eby, a prominent civil liberties lawyer who previously ran against her in a byelection in 2011.
Conservative Leader John Cummins, whose party was considered a major threat to the Liberals just a year ago, was soundly defeated in Langley, where Liberal cabinet minister Mary Polak held onto the seat.
Green Leader Jane Sterk lost her riding of Victoria-Beacon Hill to former NDP leader Carole James.
There were other surprises that emerged throughout the night.
John Van Dongen, a former Liberal who switched to the Conservatives and then became an Independent, lost in Abbotsford-South. The riding returned to the Liberals, with candidate Darryl Plecas, a criminology professor, projected to win by a large margin.
In Chilliwack, Liberal John Martin defeated New Democrat Patti MacAhonic. Martin had run as a Conservative in last year’s Chilliwack-Hope byelection but later switched to the Liberals.
Vicki Huntington, a popular former Delta city councillor, was elected again in her riding of Delta-South as an Independent.